干货 ▏英语语法难点之倒装句

干货  ▏英语语法难点之倒装句

倒装句

一全部倒装

全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此构造通常只用于一般此刻时和一般过往时。

暗示方式或方位的副词或介词短语放在句首。

here, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, in theroom, on the wall等。

如:

Here is your letter.

South of the river lies a small factory.

Out rushed the children.

Ahead sat an old woman.

二局部倒装

局部倒装是指将谓语的一局部如助动词或神态倒装至主语之前。假如句子的谓语没有助动词或神态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

1. only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句,且放在句首时。

Only in this way can you learn English well.

只有这样,你才干学好英语。

Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.

叫了三次,他才来参与会议。

假如句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装。

Only when he is seriously ill does heever stay in bed.

病得很重时,他才卧床安歇。

2.句首为否认意义的词语。

如no, not,never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

Never have I seen such a performance.

从未见过如此蹩足的扮演。

Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

不管如何你不会寻到这个标题问题的谜底的。

Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

母亲一直到孩子进睡后分开房间。

3. so, neither, nor位于句首时作局部倒装。用这些词暗示"也","也不" 的句子要局部倒装。

Tom can speak French. So can Jack.

汤姆会讲法语,杰克也会。

If you won t go, neither will I.

你不往,我也不往。

4. so… that 句型中的so 位于句首时,需倒装。

So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

他惧怕得很,动也不敢动。

5. 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had,should等词,可将if 省略,把 were, had,should 移到主语之前,采用局部倒装。

Were I you, I would try it again.

我是你的话,就再试一次。

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