语法难点解析:局部倒装

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【概念】

什么是局部倒装?

假如要突出、夸大句中某成分(比如时间状语、比如宾语),就把它放在句首;

要突出、夸大这个成分,还要有一个“标志词语”,一般就是三个:

如此(So……that……或such……that……)

只有(Only)

不(所有暗示“否认”的词语)

句子剩下的局部呢?我们把它改成“一般疑问句”的递次。也就是这样:

倒装标志词 + 突出夸大的成分 +残剩句子的一般疑问句。

怎么记住三个倒装标志词:(注意都是大写哦)

So/Such,Only,否认词

语法难点解析:局部倒装

【分类】

第一类:So/Such——如此……以至于……

So + 形容词或副词+“一般疑问句”+ that + 暗示后果的句子

例如:这小孩太淘气,使得他那忙于任务的父母常常心乱如麻。(So …)

英译:So naughty is the kid that he always upsets his parents (who are) busy with work.

Such + (a/an)-形容词-名词 + “一般疑问句”+ that + 暗示后果的句子

例如:她的有关团体拼搏 斗争的演讲很真挚,让我们感动得几乎流泪。(Such…that…)

英译:Such a sincere speech did she deliver that we were almost moved to tears.

第二类:Only——只有……,……才……

Only + 被突出夸大的成分+“一般疑问句”

例如:只有当你了解体会了这种常识,才干记住它。( Only )

英译:Only when you understand this knowledge can you remember it.

语法难点解析:局部倒装

第三类:否认词——几乎不、从未、不再……

否认词 + 被突出夸大的成分+“一般疑问句”

例如:他极少意识到与他人交流的主要性。(Seldom)

英译:Seldom does he realize the importance of communication with others.

例如:残余分类不只有助于环境庇护还有益于废物循环应用,所以人人要步履起来。(Not only)

英译:Not only does sorting rubbish help protect the environment, but also it helps recycle waste material, so everyone should take action.

语法难点解析:局部倒装

【应用】

A类:依照中文的表达要求,改写译文:

1. We won't be able to beat the opponents unless we work together. 改成:

我们只有齐心协力, 才干够克服对手。(Only)

【译文】

2. Due to the significant progress made in Chinese education,China has become one of the most favored places for overseas students. 改成:

中国教育取得如此宏大的提高,已成为最受海外学生欢迎的留学目的地之一。(Such)

【译文】

3. Too many data make it difficult for us to determine which one has caused the error.改成:

数据如此之多,会使我们很难判别毛病 过错是由哪一个数据引发的。(So)

【译文】

4. It never occurred to him that the cultural and social aspects of protecting the water resource should also be taken into account. 改成:

他从没想到庇护水资源的文化和社会因素也被列进思索范围。(Never)

【译文】

A类:模拟实操

1. 我们的祖国历来没有像今日这样强大。(Never)

2. 自从出国留学后,她就不再和我们坚持联络了。 (No longer)

3. 电脑技术正变得如此先进以至于它使电脑尺寸愈来愈小,速度愈来愈快。(So…)

4. 任何人仅凭背单词是不可以考出好成果的,更不必说具有和老交际流的才能了。(Only)

5. 智能手机(smartphone)不只让你了解世界上发作的事情,并且可以让你随时随地面网购物。(not only)

6. 只有相关各方更多地存眷青少年,他们才干形成准确的价值不雅。(Only)

7. 她一看完阿谁关于已灭尽物种的电视节目,就立志加进野生动物庇护组织。(No sooner)

语法难点解析:局部倒装

【参考谜底】

A类

1. We won't be able to beat the opponents unless we work together. 改成:

Only if we work together will we be able to beat the opponents.

2. Due to the significant progress made in Chinese education,China has become one of the most favored places for overseas students. 改成:

Such significant progress did China make in its education that China has become one of the most favored places for overseas students.

3. Too many data make it difficult for us to determine which one has caused the error.改成:

So many data are there that they make it difficult for us to determine which one has caused the error.

4. It never occurred to him that the cultural and social aspects of protecting the water resource should also be taken into consideration. 改成:

Never did it occur to him that the cultural and social aspects of protecting the water resource should also be taken into consideration.

语法难点解析:局部倒装

B类

1. Never has our country been so strong as it is today.

2. Nolonger has he kept contact with us since he went to study abroad.

3. Soadvanced is computer technology getting that it makes computers smaller in sizeand faster in speed.

4. Only by reciting words is it impossible for anyone to get a good grade in the exam,not to mention the ability to communicate with foreigners.

5. Not only do smartphones inform you of what is happening in the world, but also they enable you to do online shopping anytime and anywhere.

6. Only if parties concerned pay more attention to younger generation will teenagers form proper values.

7. No sooner had she watched the TV program on the extinct species than she made up her mind to join the wildlife protection organization.

语法难点解析:局部倒装

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