语法专项 英语语法十六种时态详解

语法专项 英语语法十六种时态详解

1. 一般此刻时 (do/does; is/am/are)

①暗示此刻的状况、状况和特征。例:He is a student.他是一个学生。

② 暗示常常性、习惯性举措。例:He always helps others.他老是辅佐他人。

③ 客不雅事实和普及真理。例:The earth moves the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

④ 暗示一个按规则、方案或安置要发作的举措。(常常使用于列车、客车、飞机或轮船时刻表)例:The next train leaves at 3 o'clock this afternoon.下一趟火车今日下午3点开车。

⑤ 主将从现:在时间、条件和妥协状语从句中经常常使用一般此刻暗示将的来事情。 例:If it rains tomorrow, we will stay at home.假如将来 往日下雨,我们会待在家里。

2. 此刻举行时(am/is/are doing)

①暗示此时此刻正在发作的事情。例:He is listning to the music now.他此刻正在听音乐。

②暗示今朝一段时间内一直在做的事情,但不必定此时此刻正在做。例:I am studying computer this term.这个学期我一直在学习计算机。

③此刻举行时可以暗示将来的含义。瞬时动词的举行必定表将来。例:I am leaving.我要分开了。持续动词的举行只有有将来的时间状语或有将来语境中才表将来。例:I am travelling next month.下个月我要往巡游。

④此刻举行时与频度副词连用,暗示措辞者或褒义或褒义的感情色彩。例:He is always helping others.他老是辅佐他人。(褒义)

3. 过往举行时(was/ were doing)

①暗示在过往一个详细的时间正在发作的举措。 例:Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes ago.10分钟前,玛丽正在听轻音乐。

②暗示过往某个时间段内一直在发作的事情。例:I was travelling in London last summer vacation.往年暑假我在伦敦巡游。

③过往举行时可以暗示过往将来的含义。瞬时动词的过往举行时必定暗示过往将来的含义。例:Then she said she was leaving.然后她说她要分开了。持续动词的过往举行时只有在有过往将来的时间状语或过往将来的语境下才干暗示过往将来。例:She said that she was travelling the next day.她说她第二天要往巡游。

④过往举行时和频度副词连用可以暗示措辞者或褒义或褒义的感情色彩。例:When he lived in country,he was always helping the poor.住在乡下时,他老是辅佐穷人。

4. 一般将来时

①基本构造是will do。例:We will send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift.我们将送给她一个玻璃的手工成品,作为给她的生日礼物。

②暗示“方案…,要…”时,可用 am/is/are going to do。 例:This is just what I am going to say.这恰是我想说的。

③ 暗示“行将 马上、刚要”时,可用am/is/are about to do。夸大近期内或马上要做的事。例:Don't worry, I am about to make a close examination on you.别担心,我马上就给你做一次当真的查验 反省。

④"be to do"的2种用法:a) 暗示“按方案、安置行将 马上发作某事或方案做某事”。 例:She is to be seen in the lab on Monday.星期一你准会在检验测验室见到她。b) 该做或不应做的事情(语气上接近于should, must, ought to, have to),暗示一种号令、奉劝性语气。 例:You are to go to bed and keep quiet, kids. Our guests are arriving in less than 5 minutes.孩子们,你们必需 上床睡觉,不准吵闹。我们的宾客5分钟之内就要到了。

5. 将来举行时(will be doing)夸大在将来的某个详细时间正在发作的举措或存在的状况。例:Don't worry, you won't miss her. She will be wearing a red T-shirt and a white skirt at that time.别担心,你不会认不出她的。她到时会穿一件红色的T恤衫和一条白色的短裙。

6. 过往将来时(would do)暗示从过往的某个时间看将要发作的事。例:I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next day.我星期四说我将于第二天拜访我的知己。

7.过往将来举行时:( would be doing )夸大在过往将来的某个详细时间正在发作的举措或存在的状况。例:The government promised that a new highway would be being built next July.当局承诺说第二年7月将有一条新的高速公路正在修建。

8. 一般过往时 (did; was/were)

①暗示过往某个时间发作的举措或状况。例:I bought some fruits yesterday.我昨天买了一些水果。

②暗示过往习惯性举措。would/ used to do:过往常常......例:The old man would sit on a bench in the quiet park and look at others for hours without doing anything or talking to anybody.白叟过往常常坐在恬静的公园里的一条长椅上,看着其他的人,一坐就是数个小时,什么也不干,也争吵任何人扳谈。He used to visit his mother once a week.他之前老是每周看眺望一次他的母亲。

9. 此刻完成时(have/has done)

①暗示举措到此刻为止已完成或刚刚完成,夸大对此刻发作的影响。例:I bought a new house, but I haven't sold my old one yet, so at the moment I have two houses.我买了一所新房子,但是还没有卖掉旧的,所以此刻我又两所房子。

②暗示从过往某时刻开始,持续到此刻的举措或状况,并且有可以会持续持续下往。此时经常常使用持续性动词。时间状语常常使用since加一个过往的时间点,或for加一段时间,或by加一个此刻时间。例:Great as Newton was, many of his ideas have been challenged today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.虽然牛整理是个伟大的人物,但他的许多见地直到今日还在受到挑战,并且被现代真理家的任务所修正。

10. 此刻完成举行时(have/has been doing)暗示某一举措开始于过往某一时间,持续或反复地出现至今,或将持续持续至将来。例:We have been working on this project for over a month now.到今朝为止,我们一直在措置阿谁项目,已花了一个多月时间了。

11. 过往完成时(had done)

①暗示在过往的某个时间或举措之前已完成的举措或已存在的状况。就是我们常说的"过往的过往"。Until then, his family hadn't heard from him for six months. 到那时为止,他家里已有六个月没到手他的动静了。

②暗示从过往的过往开始,持续到过往的举措或状况,并且有可以会持续持续下往。此时经常常使用持续性动词。By the time I left the school, he had taught the class for 3 years.到我毕业时,他已教阿谁班三年了.

12.过往完成举行时:had been doing暗示从过往的过往开始,持续到过往的举措或状况,时期一直有规律的在举行、不曾中断,并且有可以会持续持续下往。此时经常常使用持续性动词。例:The old clock had been being taken apart of and fixed up again for several times by my 10-year old son before I came back home.我回到家之前,我10岁大的儿子已把这个旧钟表除去偏从新组装了好几回了。

13.过往将来完成时:(would have done)暗示到过往将来某一时间已完成的举措,并且对过往将来那一时间点发作影响。例:I believed by the end of that year an advanced version of that software would have been developed, but I was wrong.我坚信到那年年底为止,阿谁软件的新版本将被开收回来。但是我错了。暗示举措从过往某一时间开始一直持续到过往将来某一时间,并且有可以持续持续下往。例:He told me that by the end of the year he would have lived there for thirty years.他通知我,到那年年底为止他将已在那里住了三十年了。

14.过往将来完成举行时:(would have been doing)暗示举措从过往某一时间开始一直持续到过往将来某一时间,时期一直有规律在举行、不曾中断,并且有可以持续持续下往。例:They said that by the end of the following month, the project would have been being worked for 3 years.他们说到第二个月底为止,这项工程就已不停地举行了3年了。

15. 将来完成时(will have done)

①暗示一个举措到将来某个时间为止已完成,夸大对将来阿谁时间发作的影响。例:Pick me up at 8 o'clock,I will have had breakfast by then.早上8点钟你来接我,到时我已吃完早餐了.

②暗示一个举措持续到将来某个时间,并且有可以持续持续下往。例:The conference will have lasted a full week by the time it ends.会议从开始到完毕将持续整整一个星期。

16.将来完成举行时:(will have been doing)暗示一个举措持续到将来某个时间,时期一直有规律在举行、不曾中断,并且有可以持续持续下往。例:By the end of next month, the project will have been being worked for 3 years.到下个月底为止,这项工程就已不停地举行了3年了。

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